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Chronic back pain can make life unpleasant, but fortunately there are multiple methods available as forms of treatment.
1. Noninvasive Pharmacologic Pain Management
Pain relievers and other drugs are usually administered from the onset of back pain. The most common types of medications that are given to treat chronic back pain include analgesics (such as Tylenol,) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (such as aspirin and ibuprofen,) muscle relaxants, narcotic medications, antidepressants and anticonvulsants, and neuromodulating medications.
Exercise can sometimes be used to treat chronic back pain. The aim is to build strength, increase flexibility, and restore natural motion.
3. Manual Techniques
Manipulation of the affected areas is also a way to treat chronic back pain. Applying force to the affected joints, muscles, and ligaments can bring relief.
4. Behavioral Modification
Cognitive therapy can be applied to help one cope with chronic pain. Meditation and other relaxation techniques are taught as a form of pain management.
5. Heating Pads or Ice Packs
Heating pads and ice packs can be applied to the affected area to alleviate pain. These should be used in addition to exercise techniques.
Electrotherapy can be implemented by sending low-voltage electric stimulation to the sensory nervous system to reduce back pain.
Injections of steroids to the affected ligaments, joints, muscles, or nerves can provide temporary pain relief. This method is often used for those suffering from a pinched nerve in the spine.